close message

GET PATIENTS STARTED AT NO CHARGE

Some exclusions apply.

TREATING LEMS

The progressive nature of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) combined with the diagnostic challenges it presents make early symptom recognition essential for optimal patient care

Man in Chair

LEMS TREATMENT CATEGORIES:

IV Bag Icon

ANTITUMOR THERAPY

  • Essential for all patients with paraneoplastic LEMS19
  • Can improve symptoms via reduction of antigenic stimulus for autoantibody production19
Shield Icon

IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE THERAPY

  • Recommended for flares or when symptomatic treatment is not sufficient19
  • The clinical benefits of IVIG treatment appear to peak approximately 2 to 4 weeks following infusion, followed by recurrent weakness over the subsequent weeks20
Neuromuscular Icon

NEUROMUSCULAR JUNCTION MODULATION

  • Increase neuromuscular transmission of ACh (amifampridine) or inhibit degradation of ACh (pyridostigmine)19
  • Clinical data suggest that cholinesterase inhibitors, such as pyridostigmine, are generally not effective as monotherapies for LEMS19, 21, 22
  • In a double-blind, randomized controlled trial comparing the efficacy of 3,4-DAP and pyridostigmine in LEMS, only 3,4-DAP produced significant improvements in muscle strength and compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitudes22
Test Vial Icon

Free LEMS Test Available

Learn more about a no-cost diagnostic test from Catalyst.
Email Icon

Stay Up to Date

Register to receive more information on FIRDAPSE and LEMS as it becomes available.

Indication and Important Safety Information

indications and usage:

FIRDAPSE is a potassium channel blocker indicated for the treatment of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) in adults.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

FIRDAPSE is contraindicated in patients with:

  • A history of seizures
  • Hypersensitivity to amifampridine phosphate or another aminopyridine

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Seizures: FIRDAPSE can cause seizures. Consider discontinuation or dose-reduction of FIRDAPSE in patients who have a seizure while on treatment. FIRDAPSE is contraindicated in patients with a history of seizures.

Hypersensitivity: If a hypersensitivity reaction such as anaphylaxis occurs, FIRDAPSE should be discontinued and appropriate therapy initiated.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

The most common (> 10%) adverse reactions are: paresthesia, upper respiratory tract infection, abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, headache, elevated liver enzymes, back pain, hypertension, and muscle spasms.

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Catalyst Pharmaceuticals at 1-844-347-3277 (1-844-FIRDAPSE) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

References:
  1. Yoon CH, Owusu-Guha J, Smith A, Buschur P. Amifampridine for the management of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: a new take on an old drug. Ann Pharmacother. 2020;54(1):56-63.
  2. Full Prescribing Information for FIRDAPSE (amifampridine). Catalyst Pharma; 2018.
  3. Orange Book: Approved drug products with therapeutic equivalence evaluations. US Food and Drug Administration website. https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/ob/search_product.cfm. Accessed June 10, 2020.
  4. Lennon VA, Kryzer TJ, Griesmann GE, et al. Calcium-channel antibodies in the Lambert-Eaton syndrome and other paraneoplastic syndromes. N Engl J Med. 1995;332(22):1467-1474.
  5. Skeie GO, Apostolski S, Evoli A, et al. Guidelines for treatment of autoimmune neuromuscular transmission disorders. Eur J Neurol. 2010;17(7):893-902.
  6. Data on file, Catalyst Pharmaceuticals.
  7. Muppidi S, Wolfe GI, Barohn RJ. Diseases of the neuromuscular junction. In: Swaiman K, Ashwal S, Ferriero D, Schor N, eds. Pediatric Neurology: Principles and Practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2011:1549-1569.
  8. Sanders DB. Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: diagnosis and treatment. Ann NY Acad Sci. 2003;998:500-508.
  9. Harms L, Sieb JP, Williams AE, et al. Long-term disease history, clinical symptoms, health status, and healthcare utilization in patients suffering from Lambert Eaton myasthenic syndrome: results of a patient interview survey in Germany. J Med Econ. 2012;15(3):521-530.
  10. Merino-Ramírez MÁ, Bolton CF. Review of the diagnostic challenges of Lambert-Eaton syndrome revealed through three case reports. Can J Neurol Sci. 2016;43(5):635-647.
  11. Titulaer MJ, Lang B, Verschuuren JJ. Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: from clinical characteristics to therapeutic strategies. Lancet Neurol. 2011;10(12):1098-1107.
  12. Titulaer MJ, Wirtz PW, Willems LNA, et al. Screening for small-cell lung cancer: a follow-up study of patients with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. J Clin Oncol. 2008;26(26):4276-4281.
  13. Wirtz PW, Smallegange TM, Wintzen AR, Verschuuren JJ. Differences in clinical features between the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome with and without cancer: an analysis of 227 published cases. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2002;104(4):359-363.
  14. Wirtz PW, Wintzen AR, Verschuuren JJ. Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome has a more progressive course in patients with lung cancer. Muscle Nerve. 2005;32(2):226-229.
  15. Maddison P, Lang B, Mill K, Newsom-Davis J. Long term outcome in Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome without lung cancer. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2001;70(2):212-217.
  16. Zalewski NL, Lennon VA, Lachance DH, et al. P/Q- and N-type calcium-channel antibodies: oncological, neurological, and serological accompaniments. Muscle Nerve. 2016;54(2):220-227.
  17. Lennon VA. Serologic profile of myasthenia gravis and distinction from the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. Neurology. 1997;48(suppl 5):S23-S27.
  18. Gilhus NE. Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome; pathogenesis, diagnosis, and therapy. Autoimmune Dis. 2011;2011:973808.
  19. Quartel A, Turbeville S, Lounsbury D. Current therapy for Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: development of 3,4-diaminopyridine phosphate salt as first-line symptomatic treatment. Curr Med Res Opin. 2010;26(6):1363-1375.
  20. Bain PG, Motomura M, Newsom-Davis J, et al. Effects of intravenous immunoglobulin on muscle weakness and calcium-channel autoantibodies in the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. Neurology. 1996;47(3):678-683.
  21. Ivanovski T, Miralles F. Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: early diagnosis is key. Degener Neurol Neuromuscul Dis. 2019;9:27-37.
  22. Wirtz PW, Verschuuren JJ, van Dijk JG, et al. Efficacy of 3,4-diaminopyridine and pyridostigmine in the treatment of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2009;86(1):44-48.
  23. Oh SJ, Sieb JP. Update on amifampridine as a drug of choice in Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. US J Neurol. 2014;10(2):83-89.
  24. Strupp M, Teufel J, Zwergal A, et al. Aminopyridines for the treatment of neurologic disorders. Neurol Clin Pract. 2017;7(1):65-76.
  25. Lindquist S, Stangel M. Update on treatment options for Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: focus on use of amifampridine. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2011;7:341-349.
  26. Shieh P, Sharma K, Korhman B, Oh SJ. Amifampridine phosphate (FIRDAPSE) is effective in a confirmatory phase 3 clinical trial in LEMS. J Clin Neuromuscul Dis. 2019;20(3):111-119.
  27. Jacob S, Muppidi S, Guidon A, et al; International MG/COVID-19 Working Group. Guidance for the management of myasthenia gravis (MG) and Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Neurol Sci. 2020;412:116803.

Indication and Important Safety Information

indications and usage:

FIRDAPSE is a potassium channel blocker indicated for the treatment of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) in adults.

CONTRAINDICATIONS

FIRDAPSE is contraindicated in patients with:

  • A history of seizures
  • Hypersensitivity to amifampridine phosphate or another aminopyridine

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

Seizures: FIRDAPSE can cause seizures. Consider discontinuation or dose-reduction of FIRDAPSE in patients who have a seizure while on treatment. FIRDAPSE is contraindicated in patients with a history of seizures.

Hypersensitivity: If a hypersensitivity reaction such as anaphylaxis occurs, FIRDAPSE should be discontinued and appropriate therapy initiated.

ADVERSE REACTIONS

The most common (> 10%) adverse reactions are: paresthesia, upper respiratory tract infection, abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, headache, elevated liver enzymes, back pain, hypertension, and muscle spasms.

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Catalyst Pharmaceuticals at 1-844-347-3277 (1-844-FIRDAPSE) or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

References:
  1. Yoon CH, Owusu-Guha J, Smith A, Buschur P. Amifampridine for the management of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: a new take on an old drug. Ann Pharmacother. 2020;54(1):56-63.
  2. Full Prescribing Information for FIRDAPSE (amifampridine). Catalyst Pharma; 2018.
  3. Orange Book: Approved drug products with therapeutic equivalence evaluations. US Food and Drug Administration website. https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/ob/search_product.cfm. Accessed June 10, 2020.
  4. Lennon VA, Kryzer TJ, Griesmann GE, et al. Calcium-channel antibodies in the Lambert-Eaton syndrome and other paraneoplastic syndromes. N Engl J Med. 1995;332(22):1467-1474.
  5. Skeie GO, Apostolski S, Evoli A, et al. Guidelines for treatment of autoimmune neuromuscular transmission disorders. Eur J Neurol. 2010;17(7):893-902.
  6. Data on file, Catalyst Pharmaceuticals.
  7. Muppidi S, Wolfe GI, Barohn RJ. Diseases of the neuromuscular junction. In: Swaiman K, Ashwal S, Ferriero D, Schor N, eds. Pediatric Neurology: Principles and Practice. 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2011:1549-1569.
  8. Sanders DB. Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: diagnosis and treatment. Ann NY Acad Sci. 2003;998:500-508.
  9. Harms L, Sieb JP, Williams AE, et al. Long-term disease history, clinical symptoms, health status, and healthcare utilization in patients suffering from Lambert Eaton myasthenic syndrome: results of a patient interview survey in Germany. J Med Econ. 2012;15(3):521-530.
  10. Merino-Ramírez MÁ, Bolton CF. Review of the diagnostic challenges of Lambert-Eaton syndrome revealed through three case reports. Can J Neurol Sci. 2016;43(5):635-647.
  11. Titulaer MJ, Lang B, Verschuuren JJ. Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: from clinical characteristics to therapeutic strategies. Lancet Neurol. 2011;10(12):1098-1107.
  12. Titulaer MJ, Wirtz PW, Willems LNA, et al. Screening for small-cell lung cancer: a follow-up study of patients with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. J Clin Oncol. 2008;26(26):4276-4281.
  13. Wirtz PW, Smallegange TM, Wintzen AR, Verschuuren JJ. Differences in clinical features between the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome with and without cancer: an analysis of 227 published cases. Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2002;104(4):359-363.
  14. Wirtz PW, Wintzen AR, Verschuuren JJ. Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome has a more progressive course in patients with lung cancer. Muscle Nerve. 2005;32(2):226-229.
  15. Maddison P, Lang B, Mill K, Newsom-Davis J. Long term outcome in Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome without lung cancer. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2001;70(2):212-217.
  16. Zalewski NL, Lennon VA, Lachance DH, et al. P/Q- and N-type calcium-channel antibodies: oncological, neurological, and serological accompaniments. Muscle Nerve. 2016;54(2):220-227.
  17. Lennon VA. Serologic profile of myasthenia gravis and distinction from the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. Neurology. 1997;48(suppl 5):S23-S27.
  18. Gilhus NE. Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome; pathogenesis, diagnosis, and therapy. Autoimmune Dis. 2011;2011:973808.
  19. Quartel A, Turbeville S, Lounsbury D. Current therapy for Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: development of 3,4-diaminopyridine phosphate salt as first-line symptomatic treatment. Curr Med Res Opin. 2010;26(6):1363-1375.
  20. Bain PG, Motomura M, Newsom-Davis J, et al. Effects of intravenous immunoglobulin on muscle weakness and calcium-channel autoantibodies in the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. Neurology. 1996;47(3):678-683.
  21. Ivanovski T, Miralles F. Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: early diagnosis is key. Degener Neurol Neuromuscul Dis. 2019;9:27-37.
  22. Wirtz PW, Verschuuren JJ, van Dijk JG, et al. Efficacy of 3,4-diaminopyridine and pyridostigmine in the treatment of Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2009;86(1):44-48.
  23. Oh SJ, Sieb JP. Update on amifampridine as a drug of choice in Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome. US J Neurol. 2014;10(2):83-89.
  24. Strupp M, Teufel J, Zwergal A, et al. Aminopyridines for the treatment of neurologic disorders. Neurol Clin Pract. 2017;7(1):65-76.
  25. Lindquist S, Stangel M. Update on treatment options for Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome: focus on use of amifampridine. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2011;7:341-349.
  26. Shieh P, Sharma K, Korhman B, Oh SJ. Amifampridine phosphate (FIRDAPSE) is effective in a confirmatory phase 3 clinical trial in LEMS. J Clin Neuromuscul Dis. 2019;20(3):111-119.
  27. Jacob S, Muppidi S, Guidon A, et al; International MG/COVID-19 Working Group. Guidance for the management of myasthenia gravis (MG) and Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS) during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Neurol Sci. 2020;412:116803.